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How and what kind of food is grown, and how much is lost or wasted, has huge impacts on our environment - from local ecosystems to the world's climate. In turn, our changing environment will influence what foods can be grown, and how they are produced and consumed in the future.

Natural environment

Without a healthy natural environment our food systems are under threat. Protecting our diverse ecosystems, living within the means of our planetary boundaries and protecting the genetic diversity of species used in food and agriculture are all vital components in feeding a global population.

Food waste

Wasted food costs UK households hundreds of pounds a year. Around seven million tonnes of food end up in landfill in the UK annually, and producing and distributing edible food that goes to waste may account for as much as 5% of total UK greenhouse gas emissions.

Meat and livestock

Farming animals accounts for around 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions and the UN expects meat demand to double by 2050. Meanwhile reports reiterate the toll our health pays from a meat-heavy diet. Yet livestock play a crucial part in many rural communities and some efforts to reduce our carbon footprint may be worse for animal welfare.


Across the world more than one billion people rely on fish for their food and livelihoods. With 75% of fish stocks fully- or over-exploited and predictions of global fisheries collapsing by 2048, urgent action must be taken to secure our marine resources.

Climate change

Climate change threatens global agriculture, particularly in countries already facing water shortages and areas vulnerable to rising sea levels and flooding.

Square Meal

Ten organisations, including the Food Ethics Council, have come together for the first time to highlight the overwhelming evidence that demonstrates the need for major changes to national food and farming policy.